|Figure 1: Eesult of the quantitative analysis of myotube diameter after IGF-I and NAC treatment (Handayaningsih. 2011)|
While treatment with H2O2 significantly enhanced IGF-I-induced phosphorylation of the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), IGF-IR phosphorylation was markedly attenuated when cells were treated with antioxidants. The downstream signaling pathway, Akt-mTOR-p70S6K was subsequently down-regulated. Furthermore, thephosphorylationof FoxO1by IGF-I decreased concomitantly with the restoration of the expression of its target genes, Atrogin-1 and muscle RING finger 1, which are related to muscle atrophy.Before you now go and flush all your vitamins and antioxidants down the toilette, you should consider that this is an in-vitro study with a narrow and limited ROS stimulation and not a large scale exercise supplementation study showing that the 500-1.000 mg of NAC you take on a daily basis will completely forestall muscle growth. If anything, it should remind you that excessive "inflammation" could be the "root of all evil" (cf. Super Human Radio), but excessive antioxidant supplementation certainly ain't a solution.