In the study 21 young, healthy men, who received 500 mg vitamin C and 400 IU vitamin E (α-tocopherol) daily, completed a 5-days-a-week supervised intense endurance-training (interval training on Tuesday & Thursday; steady-state cardio on Wednesday & Friday). Insulin response, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), maximal power output (Pmax) and body composition (fat mass, fat-free mass) were measured and "muscle biopsies were obtained for determination of the concentration and activity of proteins regulating glucose metabolism". The scientists summarize their results as follows:
Although plasma levels of vitamin C (P < 0.05) and α-tocopherol (P < 0.05) increased markedly in the AO group, insulin-stimulated glucose uptake increased similarly in both the AO (17.2%, P < 0.05) and the PL (18.9%, P < 0.05) group in response to training. VO2max and Pmax also increased similarly in both groups (time effect: P < 0.0001 for both) as well as protein content of GLUT4, hexokinase 2 and total Akt (time effect: P ≤ 0.05 for all).I don't know if you consider this "good" or "bad" news, but in any case, I suspect you will want to know what happened to the participants body composition (at least I would want). Well, the scientists say, there were no significant pre-post changes and from a statistic point of view, this is unquestionably right. I find it interesting, nevertheless that the average decline in fat mass was somewhat larger in the placebo (-21%) vs. the anti-oxidant group (-8%); the intra-group differences are however so large that, with the given count of subjects, this is hardly meaningful.