|You don't have to do kettlebell handstands. Just be active, girls!|
Similarly, a hypercaloric high fat + high sugar Western / Standard American style convenience + fast food based diet and its unwanted consequences, i.e. obesity, diabetes, etc. are unquestionably among the cornerstones of the heart disease epidemic.
And still, according to a recent study from the Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health at the School of Human Movement Studies of the University of Queensland in St Lucia, Queensland, Australia, says: "From about age 30, the population risk of heart disease attributable to inactivity outweighs that of other risk factors, including high BMI" (Brown. 2014)
Now, we cannot tell, whether the same is true for men, as well, but even if it wasn't, the data from Table 1 would obviously be both, remarkable and memorable.
|Table 1: Age-specific relative risks for ischaemic heart disease (IHD) for four risk factors in women (Brown. 2014)|
|Figure 1: Population attributable risk (%) for four risk factors for IHD in women across the adult lifespan (Brown. 2014)|
According to a study that followed nearly 900 women for seven years. These findings were reported in a paper led by authors at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore Medical Center, the University Hospital for Einstein, and published today in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Inactivity is a major factor, but there are other heart disease triggers: As previously stated, inactivity is one factor out of many, the study by Wang et al. identified the following additional triggers of heart diseases, namely, elevated bloog glucose = 3x higher risk, hypertension = 3 higher risk, weight gain = 16% higher risk.Throughout the seven-year study, the women were tested annually for heart disease risk factors. They also completed an annual survey describing their physical activity for the prior 12 months, which ranged from active living, caregiving and doing household chores to exercise and sports.
|METs, i.e. metabolic equivalents are a way to measure the intensity of physical activity (occupational data based on Church. 2011)|
And contrary to what you may have expected in view of the constant upheaval about "eating healthy", low-to-moderate physical activity—at the start of the study and during it—was the only lifestyle factor found to protect overweight/obese women from becoming at-risk for heart disease - to be specific, their heart disease risk was reduced by 16%.
- Ayas, Najib T., et al. "A prospective study of sleep duration and coronary heart disease in women." Archives of Internal Medicine 163.2 (2003): 205-209.
- Brown, Wendy J., Toby Pavey, and Adrian E. Bauman. "Comparing population attributable risks for heart disease across the adult lifespan in women." British journal of sports medicine (2014): bjsports-2013.
- Church, Timothy S., et al. "Trends over 5 decades in US occupation-related physical activity and their associations with obesity." PloS one 6.5 (2011): e19657.
- Wang, D, et al. "Progression from Metabolically Benign to At-risk Obesity in Perimenopausal Women: A Longitudinal Analysis of Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN)." JCEM (2014).