|This is one of the "dad body" models currently displayed on the net who are already beyond "normal-weight" obesity.|
And while it may be debatable whether a beer-bellied beanpole is sexy or not, there's no question that having a "dad body" is associated with a significantly increased risk of several potentially fatal health problems.
- The dad body is a reliable indicator of metabolic syndrome - As sexy as some people obviously believe it was, the belly your "dad" is carrying is a sign of his high risk of suffering from the five main features of the metabolic syndrome.
Figure 1: Prevalence of the 6 features of the metabolic syndrome in normal weight subjects according to the amont of body fat they are carrying around (Oliveros. 2014). Retinol (Vitamin A) - A Re-Discovered Weapon in the Battle Against Atherosclerosis: Reduced Progression in Patients, Protection For Healthy Subjects From 25,000IU/Day Retinol | more
Needless to say that Kim et al. also observed those with a particularly "daddy" belly and thus a high visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio were at the highest risk of clogged-up arteries.
Unsurprisingly, the same group of patients was identified by Polish scientists to suffer from subclinical disturbances of left-ventricular function a harbinger of heart attacks (Kosmala. 2012). Similar data comes from a 2012 study by Shea et al. who were able to confirm that those "with elevated [DEXA determined] %BF are at increased risk of developing cardiometabolic disease despite having a normal BMI" (Shea. 2012).
- The female pendant to the dad body is associated with a high risk of dying from cardiovascular disease - An analysis of the data from the US NHANES dataset revealed that men and women with dad and mom bodies (>23.1% body fat in men and >33.3% in women; both fat, but with a normal BMI) didn't just have a four-fold higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome (16.6 vs. 4.8%, P < 0.0001), they also had a had higher prevalence of dyslipidaemia, hypertension (men), and cardiovascular disease (women).
- All the negative effects of having a "dad body" may come back to chronic metabolic stress and its vicious consequences- Data from a 2010 study from the University of Rome "clearly indicates that NWO [normal weight obese people], besides being in early inflammatory status, are contextually exposed to an oxidative stress related to metabolic abnormalities occurring in obesity" (Di Renzo. 2010).
It is thus hardly surprising that the cancer risk of "mom and dad body"-worshipers or rather those who are being worshiped for their "mom and dad bodies" is going to be significantly increased. After all, metabolic stress is among the primary triggers of all forms of cancer (Jin. 2007)
- Kim, Sohee, et al. "Normal-weight obesity is associated with increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis." Cardiovascular Diabetology 14.1 (2015): 58.
- Kosmala, Wojciech, et al. "Left ventricular function impairment in patients with normal-weight obesity contribution of abdominal fat deposition, profibrotic state, reduced insulin sensitivity, and proinflammatory activation." Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging 5.3 (2012): 349-356.
- Marques-Vidal, Pedro, et al. "Normal weight obesity: relationship with lipids, glycaemic status, liver enzymes and inflammation." Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 20.9 (2010): 669-675.
- Jin, Shengkan, and Eileen White. "Role of autophagy in cancer: management of metabolic stress." Autophagy 3.1 (2007): 28-31.
- Oliveros, Estefania, et al. "The concept of normal weight obesity." Progress in cardiovascular diseases 56.4 (2014): 426-433.
- Romero-Corral, Abel, et al. "Normal weight obesity: a risk factor for cardiometabolic dysregulation and cardiovascular mortality." European Heart Journal (2009): ehp487.
- Shea, J. L., et al. "Body fat percentage is associated with cardiometabolic dysregulation in BMI-defined normal weight subjects." Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases 22.9 (2012): 741-747.