|Yes! I freely admit that I do have a problem with the subliminal "binge and starve" of the popular every other day fast, because it paves the not so royal road to binge eating disorders.|
It goes without saying that the mainstream version comes without an obligatory exercise component and - what's probably even worse - in the absence of macronutrient, let alone food prescriptions that would make sure that the every other day fasts that are becoming increasingly popular these days become "binge and starve" protocols.
The every other day fast, a gateway to eating disorders?
I could probably write a whole article about the potential of feast and fast strategies to function as a gateway to binge-eating disorders, but I know that most of you will discard that by stating: "Pah, that's happening only to the psychologically labile person who can't control his-/herself"... I will argue against that in another article, but I want to let you know here and now, that you could hardly be more off.
|Did you know that eggs can improve the lipid profile of most of us?|
- to decrease established metabolic risk factors of CVD and diabetes in human subjects and rodents (Varady. 2007),
- to reduce the production of liver mitochondrial reactive oxygen in mice (Caro. 2008), and
- to increases the lifespan of rodents (Martin. 2006)
What the scientists expected and what they found were two pair of shoes
I guess you don't have to be a rocket scientists to see what the data in Figure 1 is telling us: In spite of a 20% reduction in energy intake (over the whole week), the rodents in the Dorighello study did not benefit from their every other day fasting regimen (EODF)
|Figure 1: Changes in lipid and blood glucose levels (relative to control on ad libitum diet; left) and carcass composition in % of total weight (right; data based on Dorighello. 2013)|
- Epididymal and carcass fat depots and adipocyte size were significantly enlarged by 15, 72 and 68 %, respectively.
- Pasma levels of leptin were 50 % higher in the EODF mice than in the ad libitum-fed mice.
- EODF mice showed increased plasma levels of cholesterol - total cholesterol (37 %), VLDL-cholesterol (195 %) and LDL-cholesterol (50 %).
- The glucose homeostasis of the "EODF mice" also disturbed. The scientists observed a +40 % increase in glycemia and a +50% increase in insulinaemia. In short, the mice became glucose intolerant and insulin resistant.
- The significant increases in systemic inflammatory markers, TNF-a and C-reactive protein, only topped the list of negative side effects of the every other day fast off.
- Caro P, Gómez J, López-Torres M, Sánchez I, Naudi A, Portero-Otín M, Pamplona R, Barja G. Effect of every other day feeding on mitochondrial free radical production and oxidative stress in mouse liver. Rejuvenation Res. 2008 Jun;11(3):621-9.
- Martin B, Mattson MP, Maudsley S. Caloric restriction and intermittent fasting: two potential diets for successful brain aging. Ageing Res Rev. 2006 Aug;5(3):332-53.
- Varady KA, Hellerstein MK. Alternate-day fasting and chronic disease prevention: a review of human and animal trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jul;86(1):7-13. Review.