Predictive Value of Equations to Calculate Your Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) Flawed: Results Can Be 14-29% Off
|Would she still look so happy, if she knew that thee treadmill just lied to her?|
The message of today's SuppVersity article is therefore by no means a new one. What's pretty new, though, is the study by V. Bonghana and colleagues from University of Campinas who have compared five predictive equations that are supposed to predict your and everyone else's basal (=excluding physical activity) energy demands (Bonghana. 2013).
"Start with a 15% energy deficit" - based on what?
The above, i.e. to start dieting by consuming ~15% less energy than you usually do, is my usual suggestion for anyone who's not in the "so fat that your health is in danger" zone, someone like you, maybe - someone who wants get rid of his/ her belly to finally see a at least the uppermost portion of his / her abs.
|Table 1: The five equations the researchers used to calculate the predicted resting metabolic rate (RMR) that was then compared to the measured RMR (indirect calorimetry by respiratory gas analysis) of the 43 participants (Bonganha. 2013)|
|Figure 1: Comparison of the predicted resting metabolic rates and the mean difference to the "real" (=measured) RMR of the 43 healthy postmenopausal women who participated in the study (Bonghana. 2013)|
Use the WHO calculation and you are lost
|Guess how she got in in shape? Right! The EDC Program (learn more)|
Unless you expend more energy than you eat it is almost impossible to get rid of the belly. Unfortunately, simplistic calories in vs. calories out calculations won't help you find out whether this is the case..
The notion that exercise "alone" can, especially for those who are pretty chubby to begin with, have a "repartitioning effect" may still hold here, but it is more likely that our imaginary post-menopausal training rookie is - if anything - gaining more muscle than fat and that's certainly not going to give her the look she is aspiring. In fact the situation would probably not be much different from the one in the study I had in the Facebook News a couple of days ago (Tibana. 2013).
Adding exercise on top of a proven (your N=1 experience) obesogenic diet rarely helps
In the course of this 8-week intervention study, the subjects, a group of 14 middle-aged (33.9 ± 8.6 years) overweight/obese women (body mass index - BMI 29.6 ± 4.1 kg/m²) underwent 24 sessions (3 times per week) of a whole body RT program with 3 sets of 8–12 repetitions maximum (RM). Unfortunately, for them without any dietary advice / incentive to modify the baseline diets that were obviously to blame for the extra-weight they were carrying.
|Figure 2: Body mass, waist, hip, neck circumference, body adiposity index and visceral fat volume in middle-aged women before and after an 8-week 3x/week full body weight training intervention (Tibana. 2013)|
|Without taking a "baseline reading" and accessing where you want to go, you ain't going to succeed (read more)|
If you still insist on calculating something, you may also want to take a look at Part III / III of the Female(?) Athlete Triad Series, but please be aware that I am not liable for the damage this type of calorie counting is going to do to your physique and your psyche.
- Bonganha V, Libardi CA, Santos CF, de Souza GV, Conceição MS, Chacon-Mikahil MP, Madruga VA. Predictive equations overestimate the resting metabolic rate in postmenopausal women. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(3):211-4.
- Tibana RA, Navalta J, Bottaro M, Vieira D, Tajra V, Silva AD, de Farias DL, Pereira GB, de Souza JC, Balsamo S, Cavaglieri CR, Prestes J. Effects of eight weeks of resistance training on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome in overweight /obese women - "A Pilot Study". Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2013 Feb 28;5(1):11.