Are You Overtraining? Two Scientifically Proven Methods to Test Yourself - Method 2: ABEL Sport Test. Plus: 54 Item Questionnaire + 8 Additional Clues to Identify Overtraining
|Theoretically it's already available for everyone. Costs are yet not the only thing you should keep in mind before you buy into Knight Scientific's overtraining analysis system|
More alternative tests / indicators of overtraining:For method number two, so-called ABEL-Sport Test, these interferences between symathetic (~intensity, short(er) term) and parasympathetic (~volume, long(er) term) overtraining shouldn't be a problem. The test is easy, but it's not free. You will after all have to buy a portable luminometer to measure the optical properties of your blog. In other words, the ...
- increased sensitivity of 5HT receptors ➯ early fatigue (Budgett. 2010)
- free testosterone and testosterone/cortisol ratio higher than 30% (Cunha. 2006)
- increasing serum urea and decreased ammonia at rest w/ identical protein intake, indicative of higher gluconeogenesis from protein (Urhausen. 2002)
- low urinary catecholamines, esp. during night and w/ parasympathetic overtraining (Lehmann. 1992) and low ACTH and/or GH response to maximal exercise (~adrenal fatique; cf. Urhausen. 2002)
- inverse ‘iceberg profile’ in Profile of Mood State (POMS) scale (Morgan. 1987) and messed up sleep (Urhausen. 1998)
- decreased glucose & increased fat oxidation during high intensity exercise (Urhausen. 2002)
"[...] test does not measure a single biomarker of OTS [overtraining syndrome] but instead utilises hidden information acquired by circulating leucocytes as they patrol the body spotting pathogens, responding to markers of inflammation (cytokines and chemokines) and other changes in the blood that occur after strenuous exercise." (Knight. 2013)As J Knight, M Wakeman, J Reeves, who have a vested interest in research into their own products, which have been used by elite and amateur athletes in many different fields and were "successfully used" by Skandia Team GB for two years prior to and in the final run up to the Olympics in Beijing in 2008, when Britain’s squad topped the medal table in the Olympic sailing competition, point out, the test is designed to elicit this "hidden information from the cells" (and I should add "hidden information that requires interpretation"!).
The technology relies on the bioluminescent protein Pholasin. It emits light, when it gets in contact with reactive oxygen specimen (ROS). To test the amount of leucocytes in a 5-20µL sample your blood you do thus just have to react it with Pholasin, activate the ROS response of the leukocytes and measure the light response (Roberts. 1985, 1987; Knight. 1999). By superimposing the results on a set of reference sample curve, Knight et al. are then (that's at least the claim) able to identify various responses during training, "indicating if the athlete is heading towards OTS and identifying infections, superimposed on training curves." (Knight. 2013)
- Budgett, R., Hiscock, N., Arida, R., & Castell, L. M. (2010). The effects of the 5-HT2C agonist m-chlorophenylpiperazine on elite athletes with unexplained underperformance syndrome (overtraining). British journal of sports medicine, 44(4), 280-283.
- Cunha, G. D. S., Ribeiro, J. L., & Oliveira, A. R. D. (2006). Overtraining: theories, diagnosis and markers. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 12(5), 297-302.
- Knight, J. (1999). Rapid, simple and sensitive blood biocompatibility tests with the light emitting protein Pholasin®. Proceedings of the TechMed/Medical Device Technology Conference. Advanstar Communications UK Ltd, Chester, 3-17.
- Knight, J., Wakeman, M., & Reeves, J. (2013). Abel-Sport™ Test For Assessing Over Training Syndrome And Detecting Infection. British journal of sports medicine, 47(17), e4-e4.
- Lehmann, M., Gastmann, U., Petersen, K. G., Bachl, N., Seidel, A., Khalaf, A. N., ... & Keul, J. (1992). Training-overtraining: performance, and hormone levels, after a defined increase in training volume versus intensity in experienced middle-and long-distance runners. British journal of sports medicine, 26(4), 233-242.
- Morgan, W. P., Brown, D. R., Raglin, J. S., O'connor, P. J., & Ellickson, K. A. (1987). Psychological monitoring of overtraining and staleness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(3), 107-114.
- Portier H, Louisy F, Laude D, Berthelot M, Guézennec CY (2001). Intense endurance training on heart rate and blood pressure variability in runners. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 33(7), 1120-1125.
- Roberts, P. A., Knight, J., & Campbell, A. K. (1985). Pholasin®: a new bioluminescent indicator for cell activation. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 1140, 1139-1140.
- Roberts, P. A., Knight, J., & Campbell, A. K. (1987). Pholasin®: a bioluminescent indicator for detecting activation of single neutrophils. Anal. Biochem. 160, 139-148.
- Urhausen, A., Gabriel, H. H. W., Weiler, B., & Kindermann, W. (1998). Ergometric and psychological findings during overtraining: a long-term follow-up study in endurance athletes. International journal of sports medicine, 19(2), 114-120.
- Urhausen, A., & Kindermann, W. (2002). Diagnosis of overtraining. Sports medicine, 32(2), 95-102.