|Good for him, good for her, good for everyone? Is it really possible that red wine can help even those who don't want to the necessary lifestyle changes?|
The Luxembourgian scientists gathered their data in the course of a randomized unblinded 2-year trial that involved 108 patients with carotid atherosclerosis and >30% reduced blood flow (65% of the patients were on statin therapy).
122 patients, 4 intervention groups, red wine and/or lifestyle changes
While half of the patients did nothing to improve their health and fitness, the other half of the patients, the lifestyle change group, had to follow a modified Mediterranean diet and perform moderate physical exercise during 30 min/day for 20 weeks. In both of these groups half of the patients were randomized either to no alcohol or red wine groups (100ml/day for women, 200ml/day for men). The end results of this process was a 2 x 2 design that looked like this:
- Med. diet + exercise only
- Med. diet + exercise + red wine
- regular diet + laziness only
- regular diet + laziness + red wine
Not into red wine? Learn about "The Ergogenic Effect of Nonalcoholic Beer Front- & Back Loading" | more
- consume a diet low in absolute fat,
- prefer vegetable oil (olive or canola oil),
- eat whole grain products, poultry, low fat dairy products,
- consume a fat and a lean fish meal per week,
- reduce your consumption of red meat,
- avoid pork and ready made-meals,
- stay away from sugar and excessive amounts of salt,
- drink 1.5-2 l plain water every day,
- eat the occasional 25g of dark (70%) chocolate,
- include tomatoes and walnuts in your diet,
- get at least 30 min of moderate daily physical activity
|Figure 1: Relative changes (in %) in total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, LDL/HDL and triglycerides after 4 and 20 weeks on one of the four "interventions" (Droste. 2013)|
If we take a closer look at the data we do yet (luckily) have to acknowledge that the the subjects who did reinvent their lives were the only ones with lasting beneficial effects on total cholesterol, HDL, the LDL/HDL ratio and the total amount of triglycerides after 20 weeks - and that irrespective of the missing dietary and exercise / training control and despite the disputable dietary advice they received!
- Droste, Dirk W., et al. "A daily glass of red wine associated with lifestyle changes independently improves blood lipids in patients with carotid arteriosclerosis: results from a randomized controlled trial." Nutrition journal 12.1 (2013): 147.