|Unless your breakfast looks like this, the study does not mean that you can no longer have breakfast.|
What? No, the other studies you may have read did not focus on the aforementioned group of people who believe they were doing themselves a favor if they started having breakfast regularly.
That's people like the forty-nine female nonhabitual breakfast-eaters who were randomized to one of two conditions: breakfast or no breakfast for 4 weeks.
- breakfast eaters ate at least 15% of their daily energy requirement before 8:30 a.m
- non-breakfast eaters did not consume any energy until after 11:30 a.m.
|Figure 1: Participant flow diagram (LeCheminant. 2017).|
|Figure 1: Rel. change (% baseline) in energy and macronutrient intake during the study (LeCheminant. 2017).|Table 1: Click to see energy intake for each condition by time of day.
- a significantly increased intake of carbohydrates (with people gravitating to cornflakes & co. much sugar),
- no change in self-reported hunger or satiety, and
- no increase in physical activity and/or decrease in sedentary time that would help compensate the increased energy intake due to having breakfast (see Table 1),
- a practically irrelevant subjective increase in energy before the lunch-break
- LeCheminant, et al. "A randomized controlled trial to study the effects of breakfast on energy intake, physical activity, and body fat in women who are nonhabitual breakfast eaters." Appetite - Available online 4 January 2017, in press, accepted manuscript